June 2022


Earwax: The Essential Information You Should Have

Earwax is one of the many things that our body produces. The cleaning of earwax is something that most of us do on a regular basis; thus, most of us are familiar with the process. On the other hand, are you familiar with the term “earwax” and what it refers to?

The fact that it serves a purpose may come as a surprise to you. And you should steer clear of cotton swabs, right? This post is for you if you’ve ever scratched your head and thought about earwax.

What exactly is earwax?

Trim levels of earwax are beneficial to the health of the ear. Essential to hearing, the ears comprise:

  • Outer Ear: the most prominent portion of the ear, the ear canal, and the ear drum.
  • Middle Ear: three interconnected bones called the ossicles and the eustachian tube.
  • Inner Ear: The cochlea is a fluid-filled structure that contains hundreds of hair cells and auditory channels that connect to the brain.

The formation of cerumen in the external ear begins. Sweat glands produce secretions of fatty materials in the external auditory canal. This movement is made more accessible by jaw movement, which can be caused by talking, eating, laughing, and other activities. The secretions travel along the ear canal, ingesting material such as dead skin cells, dirt, hair, and other particles. This is known as earwax.

Earwax is beneficial to the ears since it naturally cleans the ears. Its antibacterial properties make it effective in removing dirt and other potentially hazardous substances. This protects the ear from any potential harm.

Earwax acts as a lubricant, which protects the ears from becoming dry and itchy. In most cases, earwax will make its way to the ear canal, where it will either fall off or be washed away on its own. It is necessary to eliminate any accumulated earwax.

Earwax-related Symptoms

If there is an excessive amount of earwax that builds up and turns into a hard substance, it might create a clog that plugs the ear. A clogged ear can be uncomfortable and can interfere with one’s ability to hear.

The following are some of the symptoms that a buildup of earwax may cause:

  • pain in the ear
  • An infection of the ear
  • Itching
  • Tinnitus is sometimes known as an ear ringing or buzzing sensation
  • A fullness in the ear that one can feel
  • Vertigo is a feeling of being out of balance, which is often accompanied by dizziness and sickness
  • A hacking cough is brought on by the pressure caused by the obstruction
  • It is causing a nerve in the ear to become stimulated

A common cause of hearing aid malfunction is an excessive accumulation of earwax in the ear canal. When trying to remove wax from ear, it is critical to remember that you should never put anything in your ear.

Putting cotton swabs or other things in the ear might cause the earwax to be pushed further down into the ear canal, which will make the problem much more severe.

Reasons for Earwax Accumulation

An impaction, also known as a blockage, can be brought on by a buildup of wax that has been forced further into the canal than it should be. Earwax impaction is a common problem that doctors find in their patients.

Cotton swabs, along with other objects like hair clips and rolled-up napkin corners, increase the risk of inducing impactions in your ears because they force the leftover wax further into the ear canal. When it comes to hearing aids and earplugs, those who wear them are more likely to experience earwax obstruction.

Who suffers from earwax accumulation?

Everyone gets earwax. It is present in 10% of healthy children and 5% of healthy adults. It’s most prevalent in:

  • Users of hearing aids, earplugs, and earbuds
  • Individuals with abundant ear hair or skin conditions
  • Users of cotton swab products
  • Older individuals
  • Individuals with intellectual disabilities
  • People whose ear canals are formed in a way that prevents natural wax clearance


Kids produce earwax. If they do not make much, properly wipe their ears. Utilize a washcloth outside. If your child’s earwax does not induce discomfort, do not fret. These signs may involve ear pulling, putting objects in the ear, or hearing difficulties. If so, see a physician.


Hearing aid users are susceptible to earwax buildup. They may also be unresponsive. Earwax accumulation may result in hearing loss.

Treatments and Home Remedies

At home, you can treat an ear wax obstruction in several different ways, including the following:

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)

Earwax can be removed with a cotton ball soaked in hydrogen peroxide. Antiseptic properties of hydrogen peroxide Another option is to use a sanitised eyedropper. Elevating the ears for a few minutes is necessary to treat ears that have been damaged. The ear canal will be clear as a result.

After a few minutes of tilting your head back, the ear canal will begin to empty. According to researchers, Hydrogen peroxide should be used to de-earwax 30 minutes before ear irrigation. Earwax removal is made easy by the treatment.

Hydrogen peroxide drops and solutions should be used with caution. Hydrogen peroxide at low concentrations can irritate the skin. Dermal irritation is possible at concentrations greater than 10%. Stop using it and see a doctor if you have any discomfort. On intact eardrums, hydrogen peroxide is effective. Ear tubes perforate in a painful way.

A rubber ball syringe

A warm rubber ball syringe functions in the same manner. Using a syringe, carefully inject warm water into the ear canal of the infected ear while the ear is pointing upwards. It’s possible to make yourself dizzy by forcing water into your ear canal. It is essential that the water be warm.

After a minute has passed, turn the head to the side to allow fluid and earwax to drain. It’s possible that pulling on their ears will help them release water. This may be done many times. Anyone who has suffered an ear injury, such as a ruptured eardrum, must refrain from undergoing this surgery. Swimmers should avoid employing this tactic at all costs.

Other Natural Cures

Other substances can be administered using an eyedropper. Other wax-removing substances include:

  • Infant oil
  • Arachis, almond, or camphor oil
  • Mineral oil
  • Ten percent NaHCO3 glycerin
  • 5 percent acetic acid

Apply one or two drops to the impacted ear with the ear pointing up, then tilt the head to drain the fluid. As with other treatments, you shouldn’t put them in if your eardrum is still intact or if your doctor says so.


There is a chance of earwax buildup in the future. Only temporary hearing loss is very prevalent. In most cases, removing the impediment results in improved hearing. Every three to six months, hearing aid users should check their devices for too much wax.

The removal of ear wax might occasionally result in the development of an ear infection. Additionally, it causes damage to the eardrum.

When to Seek the Attention of a Healthcare Provider

Consult a medical professional if you are unable to remove the earwax. Please get in touch with a specialist if you are experiencing the following new symptoms and have an ear wax obstruction.

  • Ear Drainage
  • Otosclerosis
  • Fever
  • Hearing impairment after having wax removed
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